(Side) effects: drug ingredients of A-Z
Use toothpaste and skin cream daily. But what's behind it? Our lexicon of acetylcysteine to zinc guides you through the drug jungle
You use daily toothpaste and, if necessary, medication. But you also know what is behind the products? The list of ingredients is long and not everyone needs to be safe. Therefore, it is useful to take a look at the ingredients. We asked and put together an overview of the most important substances in toothpastes, cold medicine, hair growth products and other toiletries and medications - of acetylcysteine to zinc. If you are in doubt as to whether an agent is right for you, ask your doctor or pharmacist is best.
Acetylcysteine (ACC) is often dissolved as a powder in water used against tight cough and triggers the mucus. However, the effectiveness is controversial. Some experts attribute the expectorant effect rather reserved to the increased intake of water. In order not to hinder the expectoration of mucus, the agent should not be taken together with cough relievers.
Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)
Aspirin has analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory. For short-term intake of the drug is considered to be well tolerated. During long-term and high-dose ingestion, such as in the treatment of rheumatic disorders, stomach problems can occur. In children and adolescents with febrile diseases, the agent should not be used. ASS dilutes the blood and leads to reduced coagulation. Hemophiliacs should not take the means therefore.
When alumina is aluminum oxide mineral, which is used in the form of fine powder in toothpastes for gentle cleansing.
Ambroxol is used for colds and other respiratory diseases as secretion solver. The active ingredient was patented in 1968 and is used in a wide variety of drugs. It must not be used concomitantly antitussive drugs, so as not to interfere with the expectoration of mucus. It is important to drink enough water. Caution with existing kidney or liver disease.
Amine fluorides are mainly used as protection against caries agents in toothpastes. They promote the acid resistance of tooth enamel and slow down the demineralization.
Amylmetacresol belongs to the group of antiseptics, so it has an antiseptic effect. In plain language, this means that it kills pathogens in the mouth and throat quickly.
Antifungals are medicines used to treat fungal infections.
Benzocaine is a local anesthetic and is mainly used for medical treatment of skin and mucous membranes. The duration is relatively short. Meanwhile, it is also used in condoms to delay the man's orgasm.
Marigold (Calendula) also play a role in plant medicine. Calendula Oil has wound-healing, anti-inflammatory and analgesic. Although it soothes the skin generally, the compatibility should first be tested on a small area of skin.
Clobutinol inhibits the cough center in the brain and reduces the frequency and intensity of coughing. In verschleimtem cough expectoration of mucus could be suppressed. Therefore, the application is only recommended in dry cough.
Dextromethorphan is used as a cough-suppressing agents against dry cough and cough since 1954th Side effects and addictive potential is very low. But before the concomitant use of other drugs, the physician should be consulted.
All plant parts are poisonous ivy, the healing properties of the plant is naturopaths, however, has long been known. Preparations of ivy leaves are used for bronchitis due to their anticonvulsant properties in agents. Very small amounts of ivy leaves are also used in Bronchialtees as they improve the removal of mucus.
From the leaves and branches of the eucalyptus plant essential oils are obtained. Eucalyptus oil is inhibiting growth of bacteria and viruses, cooling and expectorant in the form of capsules, ointments, inhalations or lozenges. For children under six years, the oils are not suitable.
Finasteride engages the hormonal degradation of the male testosterone and may stop the hereditary hair loss or slow down.
Fluoride is not only considered important for the curing of the enamel, but also for bone growth. Very high doses of fluoride added, may result in damage to teeth and bones.
Flurbiprofen reduces inflammation and used primarily in the throat and the eyes.
Ibuprofen relieves pain, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic. In effectiveness it should (ASA) be superior and have the Acetylsalicylsäuze fewer side effects.
Externally used calcium carbonate comes as a mild, desiccating baby powders and tooth care applications. Calcium carbonate can also be used as a remedy for gastric hyperacidity. As calcium carrier, it is important for bone formation.
Magnesium is essential as mineral for the human body and the body has to be supplied daily in sufficient quantity. Magnesium deficiency triggers numerous complaints such as headaches, lack of concentration and fatigue, but also muscle spasms.
Minoxidil can stop hair loss and slow down. However, the mode of action is not fully understood.
From the South African geranium Pelargonium sidoides the drug Umckaloabo is produced in modern times, which strengthens the immune system and, inter alia, promotes expectoration of phlegm.
In human nutrition phosphate plays an essential role in energy metabolism and bone structure. Phosphates are approved as food additives and are used, inter alia, as preservatives, acidifiers and emulsifiers.
Silicates are an extended family of minerals. In toothpastes silicates are used for their gentle cleaning action. But also in many other areas they are used, for example as a water softener in detergents.
Tetryzoline has a schleimhautabschwellende effect. It should be applied no more than five days to avoid damage to the mucosa.
Triclosan is a bacteria inhibitor that is used as a preservative. In toothpastes of long-term oral hygiene it serves. Experts fear through extensive use, a development of resistance in bacteria.
Tyrothricin is a locally effective antibiotic that is often used in inflammation of the throat, throat and stomach lining. However, the effectiveness is controversial.
Wool alcohol ointment
Wool wax is the secretion from the sebaceous glands of sheep, which is recovered in the washing of wool. It accelerates wound healing and is therefore included in ointments and creams.
Xylometazoline is used for decongestion of the nasal mucosa and works by constricting the blood vessels in the nose. The drug should not be taken over a longer period of time and not for patients with high blood pressure and other heart problems.
Zinc is one of the essential trace compounds for metabolism. It takes the body key roles in fat, protein and sugar metabolism and is involved in cell growth. Both the immune system and many hormones need zinc for their function. Zinc is also a cold medicine with illnesses soothing and shortening effect. Zinc deficiency leads to an underactive sex glands, growth disorders and anemia. Even in sun blocks often contain zinc.